Analog vs Digital – Part 1: Introduction

The last 20 years have greatly improved the feature set and portability of electronics and anything which does or can contain electronics.

Nonetheless, most people don’t know what the word digital means. In this multi-part series, I will explain the difference between digital and analog, why digital processing is better than analog, and why some analog processing will never go away.

The words analog and digital are both adjectives. What types of nouns do they generally modify?

signals
gadgets

A signal is anything that has a numeric value that varies with time.

So, for example, naturally occurring things such as:

temperature
volume

pressure
voltage
current
force / torque
distance/speed/acceleration
angle/angular speed/angular acceleration

light intensity

are all signals.

Each of these things varies with time. For example, the temperature measured at Chicago O’Hare airport varies both with the hour of the day and with the day of the year.

In addition, several artificial constructions are also signals:

stock prices
votes (per hour) in an election
traffic rates on the Internet

Gadgets are what you think they are—electronic devices, but also appliances, machines, etc.Watch Full Movie Online Streaming Online and Download

Examples of gadgets are:

watches
thermometers
telephones
audio recorder/players
video recorder/players

Engineers and mathematicians refer to gadgets (or their component building-blocks) as systems.

It should be noted that a gadget being analog or digital comes down to whether it processes analog signals or digital signals.

In the next post, I’ll explain the characteristics of analog signals and gadgets. In a future post, I will explain characteristics of digital signals and gadgets.

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  • By A sign of things to come on September 5, 2008 at 10:43 pm

    […] wasn’t too happy about my previous attempt to explain the difference between Analog and Digital. I got lost in a lot of terminology […]

  • By Analog vs Digital – Part 2: Analog on June 24, 2008 at 4:31 pm

    […] Design Tutorials and Insights in Electronics and Circuit Design Skip to content About « Analog vs Digital – Part 1: Introduction Analog vs Digital – Part 3: Digital […]

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